The peaceful protest movement that started in 2011 progressively turned into an armed conflict, as warring parties multiplied and regional and international involvement grew. Torture, rape, forced disappearances, summary executions and other blatant violations of international humanitarian law have been routinely committed by the Syrian government. Numerous armed groups have perpetrated gross violations and atrocities go on unabated in total impunity. This has forced millions to leave their homes, triggering an unprecedented humanitarian refugee crisis across the region.
Despite brutal repression, Syrian human rights organisations have maintained their activities, documenting violations and crimes, essential for redress and peace. EuroMed Rights continues to monitor the situation of human rights in Syria and support the emergence of a vibrant human rights movement to combat impunity and promote respect for human rights.
EuroMed Rights’ migration programme has actively worked with Syrian human rights organisations in Lebanon, Turkey and Jordan on the situation of displaced Syrian people in neighbouring countries, on the issue of Syrians’ forced returns to Syria and on the human rights violations of Syrian returnees. EuroMed Rights documented, through an extensive research, the forced returns, pushbacks and deportations of Syrian refugees from Cyprus to Lebanon and the chain refoulement to Syria and from Turkey to Syria. The programme’s objective is also to create synergies and cooperation among human rights organisations in Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan and Cyprus and to document the human rights violations that these unlawful pushbacks, forced returns and deportations entail to stop these practices, increase accountability and redress for human rights violations.