23/09/2021 – 05/10/2021
- Several organisations denounced the current inhumane practices of deportations of migrants from Sub-Saharan countries from Tunisia to Libya. These deportations involve many women, including pregnant women, and children and the last one happened on 27 September 2021, involving around 100 people. Several human rights violations have been documented, including threats, lack of medical assistance, ill-treatment and violence, and arbitrary arrests and detention.
- On 1 October 2021, Libyan security authorities carried out raids against thousands of migrants, including hundreds of women and children, in the western town of Gargaresh, near Tripoli, and detained 4,000 of them. During the operations, one migrant was killed and 15 others injured. According to the UN, unarmed migrants were harassed in their homes, beaten and shot. A Libyan government official said authorities would “deport as many as possible” of the migrants to their home countries. EuroMed Rights reiterated that the only solution is to open humanitarian corridors to allow people to escape Libya’s violence and mistreatment. Watch Migration and Asylum Programme Officer’s, Sara Prestianni, interview on AlJazeera.
- On 4 October 2021, the Independent Fact-Finding Mission on Libya released a report providing evidence of war crimes committed since 2016 in Libya while violence against migrants in prison may amount to crimes against humanity.
- On 3 October 2021, according to UNHCR, the Libyan Coast Guard intercepted and returned to Libya more than 550 migrants on board two boats. On 2 October 2021, 89 people, including 8 women and 3 children, were forcibly returned to Tripoli. 2 dead bodies were retrieved. 40 others are still missing and fear dead.
- Doctors without Borders (MSF) has resumed its operations Tripoli’s detention centres almost 3 months after they suspended medical activities in those centres.
- Between 19-25 September, 865 migrants were intercepted at sea and returned to Libya by the so-called Libyan Coast Guard. 25,285 people were forcibly returned to Libya so far in 2021.
- On 30 September 2021, the UN Security Council voted to extend the UNSMIL (UN Mission in Libya) until after the country’s elections in late December.
- On 26 September 2021, notorious Libyan human trafficker, Abdel-Rahman Milad (known as Al-Bidja), has been appointed as Officer at the Libyan Naval Academy and as Head of the Coast Guard in the western region by the Libyan Government of National Accord (GNA).
- Sea-Watch published its July 2021 Airborne Monthly Factsheet with an overview of the operations conducted and the people and boats in distress at sea.
19/08/2021 – 06/09/2021
- On 2 September 2021, the Sea-Eye 4 rescued 29 people, including four babies and two nine-months pregnant women, who now need an urgent safe port of disembarkation.
- In just one week, between 22-28 August, 1,131 migrants were intercepted at sea and forcibly returned to Libya.
- On 28 August 2021, the rescue vessel Astral of the NGO Open Arms rescued 103 people in distress at sea in the Central Mediterranean.
- On 22 August 2021, at least 16 people, including a woman and a child, died in a shipwreck off Zuwara, 48 others survived.
- An interview to Tarik Lamloum from the Libyan NGO Belaady on the human rights situation in Libya.
- According to the IOM Libya Migrant Report May-June 2021, “88% of migrants reported that economic reasons were the primary motive behind their migration to Libya”.
27/07/2021 – 19/08/2021
- In just two days, on 30-31 August 2021, more than 1 000 migrants were intercepted by the so-called Libyan Coast Guard and forcibly returned to Libya. In the period of 08-14 August, 1,788 migrants were intercepted at sea and forcibly returned to Libya, reaching a total of 22,045 people returned to Libya so far in 2021, according to IOM Libya.
- On 27 July 2021, the so-called Libyan Coast Guard threatened to arrest the crew onboard the NGO vessel SeaWatch3 falsely accusing them of being in the Libyan exclusive zone over which they have jurisdiction. However, the Libyan SAR zone is international waters, not Libyan waters, and do not represent an exclusive right of intervention.
5/07/2021 – 27/07/2021
- On 26 July 2021, a deadly shipwreck off Khums, Libya, caused at least 57 deaths, including 20 women and two children.
- On 15 July 2021, Amnesty International denounced , in a report, the European complicity in “horrific violations, including sexual violence, against men, women and children living in Libyan detention camps after being returned from the Mediterranean”.
- On 21 July 2021, at least 20 people drowned off Libya and over 230 others were intercepted and forcibly returned to Libya. On 12 July 2021, in two shipwrecks off Libya and Tunisia, at least 20 people died.
- On 14 July 2021, in a common statement, the African Union, the European Union and the United Nations raised concerned “about the nearly 6,000 of the most vulnerable migrants and asylum seekers currently arbitrarily detained in detention centres by the Libyan authorities”. At the same time, according to a leaked paper seen by the EUobserver, the EU is planning a military mission to Libya.
- Between 4-10 July 2021, 326 migrants were intercepted at sea and forcibly returned to Libya. In just three days, between 20-23 July 2021, more than 1,500 people were intercepted by the so-called Libyan coast guard. According to a recent report from the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), Migrant deaths on maritime routes to Europe, more than 31,500 people were intercepted or rescued by North African authorities in the first half of 2021, including over 15,300 people who were forcibly returned to Libya in the first six months of 2021 (three times more than the same period in 2020).
21/06/2021 – 05/07/2021
- Between 1-3 July 2021, the bodies of at least 20 people, including a child and a woman, were washed ashore in Libya.
- On 22 June 2021, following continuous violence against detained migrants in Libya’s detention centres, MSF announced that it is forced to suspend their activities in Mabani and Abu Salim detention centres.
- Almost 15,000 people were forcibly returned to Libya in the first six months of 2021 – a record-high number.